A conservative political doctrine that had some influence on the designers and managers of the Estado Novo after 1926. Strongly influenced by the French writer Charles Maurras and his Action Française, Portuguese integralists formed a group called "Integralismo Lusitano" and, in 1914, began publishing a periodical in Coimbra called Nação Portuguesa. This advocated restoration of the monarchy in Portugal, but a monarchy that was described as "organic, traditionalist, and anti-parliamentary," where Portugal would be ruled by a very strong royal executive. The integralists made numerous attacks on the First Republic and, undoubtedly, Prime Minister Salazar and his circle were influenced by this set of ideas. Its main doctrine of a return to monarchy, however, doomed it to failure, and the death of its main ideologue and writer, Antônio Sardinha, in 1925, deprived it of its greatest thinker.
   See also Salazarism.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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